WP 3.1

Assessment of the framework conditions and impact in relation to technical, economic, legal, environmental and social-economic issues relevant for establishment of "micro-algae to biodiesel production" and bio refinery in the pilot area (WP 3.1)
The legal, economic, technical as well as infra structural framework for a large scale production of bio-diesel of micro-algae may not be in place in all the participating countries. A survey of the benefits (GHG effect, economic and social impact, etc) as well as the major constraints (environmental impact, fuel tax or subsidy, fuel quality standards, limitations in water use in water scarce regions, etc.) for a large scale production in the Mediterranean area set the framework conditions for a larger scale development.
The assessment of the GHG effect from the application of microalgae as an energy resource is essential for achieving an environmentally and politically acceptable production platform. Based on WP1 the simulation of effects of a number of production scenarios on the GHG will be described in order to identify and evaluate the impact of large scale production. The use of microalgae to produce bio-diesel and as an energy resource in e.g. co-production of heat and electricity will be applied as a case. The EU sustainability criteria, which at present are under development, will be applied as an additional benchmarking of GHG acceptability in accordance to the Commissions criteria. Based on the result of the above a methodology to assess the GHG effect will be developed and applied in the project.
The assessment of framework conditions and impact of the legal, economic, technical, environmental and social conditions for the establishment of microalgae growth systems, bio-diesel production and bio-refinery in the pilot area, and recommendations for furthering activities and eventual mitigating measures, as appropriate – including:
• Description of a methodology for assessment of GHG effect from applying microalgae as an energy resource, based on e.g. dedicated LCA principles
• Assessment of the GHG effect from applying microalgae as an energy resource, based on the project scenarios
• Identification and comparative analysis of relevant legal framework conditions or constraints related to environmental impact assessment including infrastructure developments), and environmental standards on micro-algae growth systems in the pilot countries
• Identification of possible economic, technical and logistic constraints for the establishment of a production "from micro-algae to bio-diesel" (taxation, subsidy, fuel standardisation quality criteria, etc.)
• Assessment of constraints, opportunities and recommendations (action points) for mitigating measures for a large scale production of bio-diesel from micro-algae in the pilot area.